Types of Teaching Jobs
Some people think that the field of education is limited; however, it is actually quite broad and involves a host of possibilities, ranging from early childhood education to college professorships. When you know that you have an interest in educating but aren’t quite sure of your desired direction, consider the different options before making a final decision.
If you are interested in teaching toddlers and preschool-aged children, then this field is the one for you. Opting for a degree in early-childhood education may allow you to work with kindergarten students too; however, you need to find out what the requirements are in the state where you intend to teach and the in the program at your desired college. This field tends to require a great deal of both patience and creativity as you are working with little ones who are new to the educational environment and who want to explore their world.
Teachers in this field usually work with students from kindergarten to the sixth grade. As a classroom teacher in an elementary education setting, you are generally responsible for teaching English, mathematics, history and science. When you are working with older grades, however, you may have more of a specialization. For example, you may act as the English and history teacher for the fifth and sixth graders in a middle school.
When you want to work with students from seventh to twelfth grade, this field is likely the right fit for you. Most colleges will require you to major in a subject area as well. At the junior high school and high school levels, teachers generally teach one subject. You may decide to pursue Spanish, art, music, math or a variety of other subjects. Then, you will teach that subject to students in different grades at the school.
If you are interested in teaching college, you generally do not need a degree in teaching. However, pursuing such a degree can help. You might want to become a full-time college instructor, which often requires you to pursue a doctoral program in your area of interest. On the other hand, you might want to work part-time at multiple schools or as a supplement to a full-time job. You would then likely pursue the path of an adjunct instructor, and you generally need a masters degree to work in this role.
Maybe you have a passion for gym, art, music or the theater, and you can pursue a degree in one of these fields too. If you want to teach, you will need to decide which level you want to teach at so that you can obtain the necessary certification. You may also find that some schools have programs specifically for students interested in becoming high school gym teachers, elementary school art teachers and so on.
When you want to work with students who have disabilities, you should pursue a degree in special education. You may do so at the elementary or secondary level, or you may decide to do both. You should also familiarize yourself with terms such as special education classrooms and inclusion classrooms, the latter of which are blends of students with special needs and students who do not have special needs.
The type of degree that you pursue depends upon where your interests lie. If you are open to different areas of teaching, you may want to see what the current market is like in your area. By doing so, you can gain a sense of what jobs may be available when you graduate.